Hypothyroidism Versus Hyperthyroidism


During early pregnancy, your body needs to make more thyroid hormones than usual to help the baby develop. These hormones are particularly important to your baby’s brain and nervous system. High levels of thyroid hormones can affect not only you but also your baby. Hyperthyroidism is uncommon in people treated with thyroid hormones to correct a poorly active thyroid gland .

If you experience any of the above symptoms of thyroid disease, be it inactive thyroid or overactive thyroid, consult your doctor. They can order tests to determine if their thyroid hormone levels are within the normal range, and if not, they can provide treatments to relieve their symptoms. Hyperthyroidism, also known as overactive thyroid, is a condition in which your thyroid gland produces and releases high levels of thyroid hormone. Hyperthyroidism symptoms include a fast heartbeat, weight loss, increased appetite and anxiety. Hyperthyroidism can be treated with antithyroid drugs, radioactive iodine, beta blockers and surgery.

This is especially the case for people with hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid-related eye disease or thyroid cancer. The main symptom is a chunk or swelling in the neck and only about 5% of the thyroid nodules are found to be cancer. When thyroid cancer is diagnosed, it is usually treated with surgery followed by radioactive iodine therapy or, in some cases, external radiation therapy.

Talk to your healthcare provider if you still experience fatigue and other symptoms of thyroid disease after surgery. When part of your thyroid gland is removed, you can Thyroid Management develop hypothyroidism after surgery and take thyroid hormone medications. If your entire thyroid gland is removed, you should take thyroid hormone medications for life.

Sometimes the nodules grow so big that they cause swallowing or breathing difficulties. About a third of the nodules are found by the patient, a third by the doctor and the other third by a neck imaging test. Hypothyroidism is treated with medications that give your body the thyroid hormone it needs to function normally. The most common drugs are artificial forms of the hormone that your thyroid gland produces. You will probably have to take thyroid hormone pills for the rest of your life.

In short, your thyroid cannot make enough hormones to function properly. The thyroid gland controls all aspects of your body’s metabolism. Hypothyroidism slows the production of hormones in the gland. This in turn slows down your metabolism, which can lead to weight gain.

If you are taking thyroid hormone medications, consult your doctor at least once a year to check your thyroid hormone levels. You may need to adjust your dose if your doctor thinks your thyroid hormone level is too high. Some types of thyroiditis can cause the thyroid hormone to leak from the thyroid gland into the bloodstream. As a result, you can develop symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Surgery to remove some or most of the thyroid gland is used less often to treat hyperthyroidism. Sometimes doctors use surgery to treat people with a large goiter or pregnant women who cannot use antithyroid drugs.